Even though society has moved on from men being the sole breadwinners in relationships, recent findings suggest that those men who don’t fulfil this traditional role are more likely to end up divorced.
The idea that a husband’s job and, more importantly, whether that job is full or part time job have a big influence on the success of marriage is a controversial one but a paper written by Harvard sociology professor Alexandra Killewald shows results that this is the case.
The report does go on to suggest that wages themselves are not a deciding factor in the likelihood of divorce, the women in those relationships still seem more likely to stick with men who fulfil their stereotypical role according to the study.
Couples who took part were married both pre- and post-1974 in the study Money, Work, and Marital Stability: Assessing Change in the Gendered Determinants of Divorce. Interestingly divorce was found to be less likely among those marrying pre-1974 when it came to men not fulfilling their traditional breadwinning role.
This may in part have been due to more women taking responsibility for housework than men. Since the 70s, women are far more likely to be going out to work and contributing significantly to household finances which might also be a factor.
It is possible that even though women are earning and more likely to be in full time employment than they were pre-1974 many are still not prepared to assume the role of breadwinner in their marriages and these tensions can result in divorce.
The facts of the case of Christina Estrada and her former husband Sheikh Walid Juffali are set out in our blog post earlier last month: http://bit.ly/29BUYUz
In summary, in a judgment on 8th July 2016, Mrs Justice Roberts gave Dr Juffali three weeks to pay a settlement to Miss Estrada worth just over £75million which included a cash payment of £53 million. On 20th July 2016 Dr Juffali lost his battle with cancer, just nine days before the deadline set by the High Court to pay the settlement to Christina Estrada. The Telegraph has reported that the court deadline has come and gone and Miss Estrada is still yet to receive her multi-million pound settlement, made up of cash and assets.
Two years prior to his death, Dr Juffali entered into a contract by which he purported to ‘sell’ the bulk of his Saudi assets to his three daughters (one of them being the child of Miss Estrada) under Sharia or Islamic law for just under £512million. Miss Estrada is therefore now left with the prospect of suing her own 13 year-old daughter together with her two step-daughters in order to recover her court settlement.
The divorce of Dr Juffali and Miss Estrada was known as one of the most acrimonious in the High Court in London as Dr Juffali had unsuccessfully sought to avoid financial hearings by claiming diplomatic immunity. Even from beyond the grave Dr Juffali appears to continue to cause difficulties for Miss Estrada and although she has been awarded a financial settlement, Miss Estrada now faces another challenge before she can receive the same.
The case of Estrada and Juffali highlights the fact that enforcement issues can often be as complex, if not more so than getting the financial order in the first place. If you are concerned about reaching a financial settlement upon separation or other issues related to the enforcement of an existing order please contact a member of our team for more advice today on 0161 927 3118.
Various studies into the psychological effects of divorce on children over many years have often revealed negative impacts on wellbeing. A recent article in the independent highlights that despite many positive changes that consider the impact on children, long term effects are remain present leading to poor educational attainment and emotional difficulties.
While some of these effects may not be exclusively due to divorce, evidence from recent studies show that it is a factor. The article highlights that a study on children with exceptionally high IQs which began in the 1920s showed a negative effect on how long those subjects lived even if it didn’t have an effect on their IQs.
The effects in this study were shown to be long term and less obvious as those who took part showed no noticeable differences to the children who hadn’t seen their parents’ divorce.
A study which covers an even longer period starting in Sweden in the 19th century and covering more than a century showed that there has been little change in educational attainment and psychological wellbeing in children of divorced parents in that time.
The conclusion to draw from this is that while divorce is unavoidable for many couples, the welfare of children involved should always be considered a top priority.